As as whole, the Administration was corrupt. i. Yes, the French Revolution was the direct outcome of the oppressive despotic and autocratic attitude of Louis XVI, the corrupt and inhuman behaviour of privileged Estates- the clergy and nobility. Before and during the days of Revolution, most of the women of France did not have access to good job training or education. Answer: @media only screen and (min-width: 769px) {table {border:2px;}} Many of his measures that carried the revolutionary ideas of liberty and modem laws to other parts of Europe had an impact on people long after Naopleon had left. They supported a society based on freedom and equal laws. Bastille was hated because it stood for the despotic power of the king. These Jacobins came to be known as sans-culottes, literally meaning ‘those without knee breeches’. A severe winter had meant a bad harvest, the price of bread rose. Class 9 - History - The French Revolution . Dec 14, 2020 - Short Revision Questions : French Revolution (70 questions) | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. What landmark decisions were taken by the National Assembly led by the Third Estate on 4th August, 1789 ? Peasants were obliged to render services to the lord. Convention legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions. What is a Guillotine ? MCQ Questions for Class 9 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Answer: A guillotine was _____ (a) A device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded (b) A fine sword with which heads were cut off (c) A special noose to hang people (d) none of the above. 14th July, 1789. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution, Question 1. Answer: Question 3. France was under the rule of a monarch, Louis XVI. 271. If found guilty, they were executed. Answer: Question 8. On 4 August 1789, the Assembly passed a decree abolishing the fedal system of obligations and taxes. Question 4. They even sold flowers, fruits and vegetables at the market. Compare the political, economic and social conditions of France before and after the revolution. Robespierre government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. Apart from this, the church also collected several other taxes. The remaining men and all women were classed as passive citizens. CLASS 9 IX Sample Papers X Sample Papers CLASS ... Class 9 History chapter - 1 - The French Revolution (Extra questions) 19/4/2014 296 Comments MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK] ... exactly its perfect for me to read social history ch 1 Reply. Write a short note on 'Reign of Terror'. Each Estate having one vote, was the principle on which voting was conducted in the Estates General. Online Test of Chapter 1 French Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. Question 19. Often bakers exploited the situation and hoarded supplies. The philosophers and thinkers believed that,no group in a society should be privileged by birth. Answer: This state of social inequality was the chief cause of the French Revolution. Explain any five features of the Constitution drafted in 1791. Question 23. Very nice. Tithes were abolished, and lands owned by the church were confiscated. What do you know about the abolition of slavery in France ? When did France abolish the monarchy and became republic? The first two estates were the privileged ones exempted from all the taxes. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm.. ii. Events and changes taking place in France were frankly discussed. What was feudal system? Question 2. Answer: Answer: Question 12. The French Revolution CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 NCERT | SST Social Science Umang Series | Vedantu Online Courses. The wages failed to keep pace with the rise in prices. This, however, turned out to be a short-term measure. Answer: Explain by giving three examples. What was their contribution to the French Revolution ? Question 4. He had no respect for the freedom of liberty. What was newly elected assembly called ? Answer: Highlight any five features of the constitution of 1791 in France. What were the main causes of the French Revolution of1789? Elections were now held. The newly elected Assembly was called the Convention. The revolution acknowledged right to work and identified dignity of labour. Answer: They lived in pomp and extravagance which led to resentment among the members of the Third Estate. Answer: Answer: One of the most revolutionary social reforms of the Jacobin regime was the abolition of slavery in the French colonies. Mention two factors responsible for this crisis ? Answer: (iv) Storming the Bastille : On the morning of 14th July, 1789 the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille. It started with the convocation of the Estates General in May. Women could now train for jobs, could become artists or run small businesses. Members of the clergy too were forced to give up their privileges. Through all these changes in the form of government, the ideals of freedom, of equality before the law of the land and of fraternity remained inspiring ideals that motivated political movements in France and the rest of Europe during the following century. He introduced many laws such as protection of private properly and uniform system of weights and measures provided by the decimal system. Louis XVI of the Bourbon family was the ruler of France. Reply. The censorship on written materials and cultural activities was lifted. Explain any five features of the Constitution of 1791 framed by the National Assembly in France. Question 2. All those he saw as being ‘enemies’ of the republic-nobles and clergy, members of other political parties, even members of his own party who did not agree with his methods-were arrested, imprisoned and guillotined. Question 11. Explain the events that led to the insurrection of 1792 in France. But it did not pass any laws, fearing opposition from businessmen whose incomes depended on the slave trade. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. Their leader was Maximilian Robespierre. He wanted the people to think about their material life on earth, and forget about heaven. However, only a small number of them owned the land they cultivated. Question 1. Under this system the powers of the monarch were limited. Answer: What was the role of philosophers and thinkers in the French Revolution? They declared themselves a National Assembly, and swore not to disperse till they had drafted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch. by Admin. Answer: The National Assembly held long debates about the rights of man should be extended to all French subjects including those in the colonies. On 21st September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France as a republic. He condemned the Church which supported the privileged class, and ignored the poor. About 81% of their income went to the State, Nobles, Church, 19% of the income was their to live on grass and roofs and 1,000 peoples of them died due to starvation. The church too extracted its share of taxes called tithes from the peasants. Question 11. The constitution began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizens. Question 14. Louis XVI was executed publicly at the Place de la Concorde.. iv. The middle-class comprising of lawyers, doctors, teachers, etc also suffered humiliation at the hands of the clergy and the nobles. The Estates General was a political body and was controlled by the French Monarch. They declared themselves a National Assembly. Who abolished slavery in France? How was slavery abolished in France? Laws to be made by the National Assembly. Question 28. Peasants made up of 10 per cent of the population. Now powers were decentralised and assigned to different institutions. Thus, people could identify with ideas of liberty and equality easily. A large group among the Jacobin decided to wear long striped trousers like those worn by dock workers. Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted according to the principle that each estate had one vote. (ii) National Assembly : The representatives of the Third Estate viewed themselves as spokesmen for the whole French nation. Caught in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles. (ii) 1789: French Revolution began in 1789. Rousseau. Class 9 History Chapter 1: The French Revolution Extra Important Question Notes. But wages did not keep pace with the rise in prices. The Third Estate which assumed the name of the National Assembly framed a new constitution for France in 1791. India and the Contemporary World I (History) Chapter 1- The French Revolution Chapter 2- Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Chapter 3- Nazism and the rise of Hitler Chapter 4- Forest Socie. Answer: Montesquieu. The right to freedom of speech and expression. Which period of Famce’s history is known as ‘the Terror’. Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen declared freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. Question 10. Answer: Answer: This led to a feeling of resentment against the Jacobins. Answer: Question 29. The third estate shouldered the burden of taxation and had few privileges. Describe any four steps taken by him to bring equality. (iv) Storming the Bastille: On the morning of 14th July, 1789, the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille. Question 16. The right to votewas linked to taxes. Question 8. Question 10. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobin Club. The newly elected assembly was called the convention. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Because of his empty treasure he began to impose heavy taxes which were disliked by his own people. Name the political body to which the three estates of the French society sent their representatives? Write three main features of the French Constitution of 1971. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes equal to at least 3 days of a labourer’s wage were given the status of active citizens, that is, they were entitled to vote. Women, however, were not allowed to do so. However, ten years later, Napoleon reintroduced slavery. Lenders, who gave the state credit, now began to charge 10 percent interest on loans. Contribution of the peasants to the outbreak of the French Revolution : Question 10. Answer: Question 2. Political clubs had become rallying point for people who wanted to discuss government policies and plan their own forms of action. People of Third Estate were discriminated. Robespierre introduced ‘Reign of Terror’ in France. The main ideas behind the French Revolution were : Question 9. The Third Estate: It consisted of the vast majority of the common masses, the landless peasants, servants, etc. Both Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s were great political thinkers. Who were denied entry to the assembly of the Estates General, called by Louis XVI on 5 May, 1789 ? There is a chance that NCERT textbook questions might be asked in the final exam. Its main objective was to limit the powers of the monarch. Write a short note on the document ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizen.’ Thus the clergy turned against the Jacobin regime and hastened its fall. Replies. When did the French Revolution occur? The French Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. On 20th June, they assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. The Second Estate: It consisted of landlords, men of noble birth and aristocrats. Describe causes for the fall of Jacobin government in France. Printed tracts and newspapers not only spread the new ideas, but they shaped the nature of debate. So many points related to French Revolution are very important for very short or multiple choice questions. In Two Treaties of Government, Locke sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch. Describe the social conditions in France before the French Revolution. (v) Unequal Distribution of Wealth : In the French society, peasants made up about 90% of the population. What measures were taken by Robespierre to bring equality in the French Society? Extravagant Court: France under various kings had a extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. From the very beginning women were active participants in the events which brought sfbout major changes in the French Society. While the National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution, the rest of France was seething with turmoil. Or The exploitation of slave labour made it possible to meet the growing demand in European markets for sugar, coffee, and indigo. Question 13. It was a way of proclaiming the end of the power wielded by the wearers of knee breeches. In 1774, Louis XVI of the Bourbon family of Kings ascended the throne of ________ . This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 333104 times. Peasants, artisans and women were denied entry to the assembly of the Estate General. On what principle was voting conducted in the Estates General ? State the events that led to the formation of the National Assembly. Why Is his reign referred as the ‘Reign of Terror’ ? (iv) 1804: Napoleon became the emperor of France. (i) Assembly of the Estates: On 5th May 1789, Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. Only daughter wealthier members of the Third Estate could stay at convent. Branded and shackled, the slaves were packed tightly into ships for the three-month long voyage across the Atlantic to the Caribbean. The peasants had to pay various taxes to the government, to the nobles and to the Church. Question 14. Robespierre was the leader of Jacobins club which led a successful revolt and came to power. (iii) Carrying the Revolution: They were the people who believed that the revolution had to be carried further, as the Constitution of 1791 gave political rights only to the richer sections of society. French Society was divided into three Estates. Freedom of Speech: Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. Answer: Question 4. It was a direct tax to be paid to the State. (iii) Turmoil in France: While the National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting the Constitution, the rest of France seethed with, turmoil. On the other hand, the peasants and workers lived a wretched life. Answer: Question 11. Although the upper two classes made up only a small fraction of the total population, yet they were the people who controlled the political and economic system of the nation. In this war, France helped the 13 American colonies to gain their independence from Britain. They were exempted from paying taxes to the state. Explain. Powers of the National Assembly: The Constitution of 1791 vested the power to make laws in the National Assembly, which was indirectly elected. Political powers were given to the Third Estate. All were given equal rights irrespective of the Estate. All those whom he saw as being ‘enemies’ of the republic-ex-nobles and clergy, members of other political parties, even members of his own party who did not agree with his methods were arrested, imprisoned and then tried by a revolutionary tribunal. About 60% of the land was owned by nobles, the church and other richer members of the Third Estate. In the famous book, “The Social Contract”, he proved that the government was the result of a social contract between the people on the one hand, and ruler on the other. Answer: The clergy enjoyed all privileges with no obligations. Question 16. They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s. Answer: Why Is his reign referred as the ‘Reign of Terror’ ? Which theory was proposed by Montesquieu ? . Answer: “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. When the king rejected this proposal, members of the Third Estate walked out of the assembly in protest. Write some of the main features of the French Constitution of 1791. It was a tax levied by the church, comprising one-tenth of the agricultural produce. Exemplar Questions Class 9 is a very important resource for students preparing for the Examination. (iv) No Political Rights: Out of the total population, the first and the second Estates had share of 2%. When did the French Revolution begin? To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes. Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848. Question 23. But members of the Third Estate demanded that voting now should be conducted by the assembly as a whole, where each member would have one vote. Question from very important topics is covered by Exemplar Questions for Class 9. 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