2010 Haiti earthquake, magnitude 7.0 earthquake that struck some 15 miles (25 km) southwest of the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince on January 12, 2010. All their churches, chapels, and at least 8,000 homes were destroyed. The group, known as the New Life Children's Refuge, did not have proper authorization for transporting the children and were arrested on kidnapping charges. It worked with its partners within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, particularly the Haitian Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Troops Patrol Haiti, Filling a Void", "Haiti earthquake: looting and gun-fights break out", "Shattered city government in quake-ravaged Port-au-Prince in need of help itself", "Interview-Haitian education system 'totally collapsed, "Midwifery and Nursing School Destroyed by Haiti Earthquake", "A cultural agony in a nation where art is life", "World Bank to assess Haiti damage, plan rebuilding", "Earthquake in Haiti May Have Killed 'Over 100,000, "Apparel Makers Assess Damages in Haiti and Organize Donations", "Un barrage menace de céder à Grand-Goâve", Supplies begin to arrive in Haiti as aftershocks shake stunned nation, Problems with Haiti building standards outlined, Aid workers heading to Haiti fear for their safety, With Haiti's government in ruins, 'only God is in charge', Update 1-US takes control of Haiti airport to speed aid, Haiti's desperation rises as swell of bodies grows, Israeli medical, rescue workers help Haitians, No chance to give the dead a proper burial, "By the thousands, Haiti returns dead to the earth", Haiti's voodoo priests object to mass burials, "Help begins to trickle in, but desperate populace needs widespread relief", Tension grows in the border with Dominican Republic as Haitians try to escape, "Retribution swift and brutal for Haiti's looters", "Haiti quake: first British victim named as violence increases", "Doctor: Misinformation and Racism Have Frozen Recovery Effort at General Hospital in Port-au-Prince", "Haiti earthquake: law and order on a knife edge", After losing all else, Haitians are keeping the faith, Desperation grows: Mass grave found outside Port-au-Prince, "Haiti quake death toll well under 100,000", Haiti raises quake death toll on anniversary, "Haiti's Many Troubles Keep Bodies Uncounted", "Haitian Football Federation says 30 dead", "Florida College Scrambles for Information on Students in Haiti", "Report challenges Haiti earthquake death toll", "Tensions Mount in Haiti Amid Plea For Aid", "Dominican Republic aid to Haiti eases historic tensions", "Appeals for aid after quake strikes Haiti", "Wyclef Jean to be Haiti's roving ambassador", "Dominican Republic: Helping Neighboring Haiti After Earthquake", "República Dominicana envía a Haití equipos de emergencia para ayudar en el rescate de las víctimas", "The Icelandic urban SAR team has landed at Haiti", "Qatar joins global relief effort in Haiti", "American Red Cross says it has run out of medical supplies in Haiti", "Buena Park charity pack supplies for Haiti", "Trip to Port-au-Prince reveals more of the tragedy", "Carl Vinson, other ships headed to Haiti", Facebook users in Haiti say some access has been blocked, "Open Street Map community responds to Haiti crisis", Crisis mapping brings online tool to Haitian disaster relief effort, Poker Sites Matching Players' Donations to Haiti, Canada considers fast-tracking Haitian immigration, "Miami's 'Little Haiti' Neighborhood Waits For News", Haitians in U.S. [202] In an interview on 21 January, Leo Merores, Haiti's ambassador to the UN, said that he expected the port to be fully functional again within two weeks. [135] Facebook was overwhelmed by—and blocked—some users who were sending messages about updates. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Haiti on 16 January to survey the damage and stated that US$48 million had been raised already in the US to help Haiti recover. That is partly because two-fifths of all Haitians are subsistence farmers. [258][283] As of March 2017, around 7% of Haiti's population (around 800,665 people) have been affected with cholera, and 9,480 Haitians have died. The 5.9-quake struck near Port-de-Paix, on the northwest coast of Haiti, less than 50 miles from Terre Blanche. The Haiti earthquake inspired massive donations to help relief efforts. [241], The commission was critiqued by Haitian groups for lacking Haitian civil society representation and accountability mechanisms. … What Has Climate Change Cost Us? This impaired government efforts to restore order. Haiti In Ruins: A Look Back At The 2010 Earthquake : The Picture Show NPR photographer David Gilkey and correspondent Jason Beaubien were among those who rushed to Haiti … Around 200 guests were killed in the collapse of the Hôtel Montana in Port-au-Prince. [156][157] Running short of medical supplies, some teams had to work with any available resources, constructing splints out of cardboard and reusing latex gloves. [106] On the first anniversary of the earthquake, 12 January 2011, Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said the death toll from the quake was more than 316,000, raising the figures from previous estimates. [231] Both the provincial government of Quebec and the Canadian federal government reaffirmed their commitment to rebuilding Haiti at the 2010 Francophonie Summit; Prime Minister Harper used his opening speech to "tell the head of the Haitian delegation to keep up their spirits" and to urge other nations to continue to support recovery efforts. The Dominican website FlyDominicanRepublic.com[122] made available to the internet, daily updates on airport information and news from the operations center on the Dominican side. The tremor caused severe damage at ground level because it occurred at a fairly shallow depth of 13 kilometres below the surface. [60] According to Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), Radio Lumière, which broadcasts out of Port-au-Prince and reaches 90% of Haiti, was initially knocked off the air, but it was able to resume broadcasting across most of its network within a week. [97][98] Dr Evan Lyon of Partners in Health, working at the General Hospital in Port-au-Prince, claimed that misinformation and overblown reports of violence had hampered the delivery of aid and medical services. It was set up in eight hours and began operations on the evening of 16 January. [45] There are concerns that the main earthquake could be the beginning of a new long-term sequence: "the whole region is fearful"; historical accounts, although not precise, suggest that there has been a sequence of quakes progressing westwards along the fault, starting with an earthquake in the Dominican Republic in 1751. October: A cholera outbreak begins and s… [56] Damage to the Port-au-Prince seaport[57] rendered the harbor unusable for immediate rescue operations; its container crane subsided severely at an angle because of weak foundations. Priority must be given to medical supplies entering the country. [16][17] The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi. [163] Four other MSF aircraft were also turned away. Keen, deputy commander of US Southern Command, however, announced that despite the stories of looting and violence, there was less violent crime in Port-au-Prince after the earthquake than before. When a 7.0 earthquake reduced Haiti to rubble, sparking one of the biggest international aid efforts in history, some experts predicted it would take the country a decade to get back to its feet. [23], Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is ranked 149th of 182 countries on the Human Development Index. Most of these donations were made via credit cards. Some began reporting having expended stocks of critical medical supplies such as antibiotics by 17 January. Find the perfect Haiti Earthquake Damage stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Fifty-four percent of the population lived in abject poverty. [35] However, a study published in May 2010 suggested that the rupture process may have involved slip on multiple blind thrust faults with only minor, deep, lateral slip along or near the main Enriquillo–Plantain Garden fault zone, suggesting that the event only partially relieved centuries of accumulated left-lateral strain on a small part of the plate-boundary system. The hospitals had to perform many amputations. As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. Global Empowerment Mission Founder, Michael Capponi, responded in the first phase, of Haiti’s Earthquake on January 15, 2010, some of GEM’s founding board members led a group of firefighters, doctors and nurses to Haiti. "[70] Port-au-Prince had no municipal petrol reserves and few city officials had working mobile phones before the earthquake, making communications and transportation very difficult. [6], Appeals for humanitarian aid were issued by many aid organizations, the United Nations[116] and president René Préval. [69], Most of Port-au-Prince's municipal buildings were destroyed or heavily damaged, including the City Hall, which was described by The Washington Post as, "a skeletal hulk of concrete and stucco, sagging grotesquely to the left. What's Being Done? [169][170] US officials acknowledged that coordination of the relief effort is central to Haitian recovery. To be honest, I don't know why it hasn't been done. [250], In July 2010, CNN returned to Port-au-Prince and reported, "It looks like the quake just happened yesterday", and Imogen Wall, spokeswoman for the United Nations office of humanitarian affairs in Haiti, said that "six months from that time it may still look the same. [121] The Dominican Red Cross coordinated early medical relief in conjunction with the International Red Cross. In addition to earthquakes, it has been struck frequently by tropical cyclones, which have caused flooding and widespread damage. [86] In the heat and humidity, corpses buried in rubble began to decompose and smell. This means that there is a 10% chance of potentially-damaging earthquake shaking in your project area in the next 50 years. ", "Haiti Recovery Bogged Down 6 Months after Quake", "Six months after quake, Haiti still suffers", "Notre-Dame de Port-au-Prince, cathédrale martyre de Haïti", Group: Haiti Earthquake Camps Expose Women to Sex Violence, "In Haiti, Global Failures on a Cholera Epidemic", A year of indecision leaves Haiti’s recovery at a standstill, Haiti reconstruction at 'standstill,' says Oxfam report, Children in Haiti: One Year After — The long road from relief to recovery, Haiti: Sexual violence against women increasing, "Haiti Earthquake Recovery: Where Did All The Money Go? Half the representation on the commission was given to foreigners who effectively bought their seats by pledging certain amounts of money. They are offering a hopeful vision for the country, based on a just transformation and rooted in liberty, equality, and fraternity. This is going to be a long slog."[216]. [187], In Jacmel, a city of 50,000, the mayor claimed that 70 percent of the homes had been damaged and that the quake had killed 300 to 500 people and left some 4,000 injured. [13] The deputy mayor of Léogâne reported that 90% of the town's buildings had been destroyed. [74], The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) at Christopher Hotel[18] and offices of the World Bank were destroyed. [102], In many neighbourhoods, singing could be heard through the night and groups of men coordinated to act as security as groups of women attempted to take care of food and hygiene necessities. By June the American Red Cross had transferred the rebuilding efforts to the Haitian Red Cross.[282]. Although the president and his remaining cabinet met with UN planners each day, there remained confusion as to who was in charge and no single group had organized relief efforts as of 16 January. Fox said that in many instances rubble removal "means it was [moved] off someone's property onto the road in front of the property". According to a US Air Force captain who had coordinated flight schedules, nearly all groups sending aid insisted their shipment was urgent. Haiti’s Garment Industry: A Lost Cause, or Ready to Change? The deputy mayor of Léogâne, which was at the epicenter of the earthquake, reported that 90% percent of the buildings in that city had been destroyed and Léogâne had … "[87][88], Mayor Jean-Yves Jason said that officials argued for hours about what to do with the volume of corpses. The American Red Cross announced on 13 January that it had run out of supplies in Haiti and appealed for public donations. Specifically, we learned that […] [261][262], According to a UNICEF report, "Still today more than one million people remain displaced, living in crowded camps where livelihoods, shelter and services are still hardly sufficient for children to stay healthy". [81] A representative of Catholic Relief Services has estimated that about two million Haitians lived as squatters on land they did not own. According to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention it is considered the worst epidemic of cholera since the 1994 outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (called Zaire at that time). Encylclopaedia Britannica. [13] The nation's history of national debt, prejudicial trade policies by other countries, and foreign intervention into national affairs, contributed to the existing poverty and poor housing conditions that increased the death toll from the disaster. [124] A 50-member Chinese team arrived early Thursday morning. [272], At the 2012 Consultative Group meeting of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the Haitian delegation shared a "bottom-up" approach to disaster reduction and management based on community integration and sustainable development with a group of experts from approximately 38 nations. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. [179][180][181] They were joined by the French Navy vessel Francis Garnier on 16 January,[182] the same day the hospital ship USNS Comfort and guided-missile cruiser USS Bunker Hill left for Haiti. The quake's closeness made its impact much stronger. It was reported that gang leaders and land owners were intimidating the displaced and that sexual, domestic, and gang violence in and around the camps was rising. She writes about the U.S. Economy for The Balance. [215], US Vice President Joe Biden stated on 16 January that President Obama "does not view this as a humanitarian mission with a life cycle of a month. Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. But Haiti's quake was 6.2 miles below the surface. Easing refugee immigration into Canada was discussed by Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper,[141] and in the US Haitians were granted Temporary protected status, a measure that permits about 100,000 illegal alien Haitians in the United States to stay legally for 18 months, and halts the deportations of 30,000 more, though it does not apply to Haitians outside the US. [267], A January 2012 Oxfam report said that a half a million Haitians remained homeless, still living under tarps and in tents. Brazil announced R$375 million for long-term recovery aid, R$25 million of which in immediate funds. The head of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH), Hedi Annabi and his Deputy, Luiz Carlos da Costa, both died when the building housing the headquarters of the mission collapsed. By 2011, just when the CIA World Factbook reported that Haiti's economy was starting to recover, two hurricanes hit. By 2014, their GDP was $18.3 billion and grew just 2.3%. January 12, 4:53 pm. Food became scarce, and cholera started spreading again. The government buried many in mass graves, some above-ground tombs were forced open so bodies could be stacked inside, and others were burned. According to the report, relief and recovery were at a standstill due to government inaction and indecision on the part of the donor countries. [226] The government's commitment to provide C$550 million in aid and debt relief and Canadians' individual donations amount to a total of C$770 million. Central Intelligence Agency. [245], Immediately following the earthquake, Real Medicine Foundation began providing medical staffing, in-kind medical supplies and strategic coordination to help meet the surging needs of the health crisis on the ground. Disasters Emergency Committee. Haz tu selección entre imágenes premium sobre Haiti Earthquake Damage de la … It was also just 10 miles from the capital of Port-au-Prince. Select from premium Haiti Earthquake Damage of the highest quality. [45] According to staff of the International Committee of the Red Cross, which had reached Petit-Goâve for the first time the day before the aftershock, the town was estimated to have lost 15% of its buildings, and was suffering the same shortages of supplies and medical care as the capital. The earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010 registered at 7.0 magnitude, with its epicentre 25 kilometres away from Port-au-Prince, the most densely populated area in the country. On average, a plane would land or take off every two minutes. "[266], The Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti, Let Haiti Live, and the Center for Constitutional Rights have recommended immediate changes to recovery efforts to ensure that critical human rights concerns are addressed. [5] The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. The earthquake shrank Haiti's gross domestic product by 5.1%. [248][249] According to a CBS report, US$3.1 billion had been pledged for humanitarian aid and was used to pay for field hospitals, plastic tarps, bandages, and food, plus salaries, transportation and upkeep of relief workers. [178], The helicopter carrier USS Bataan sailed with three large dock landing ships and two survey/salvage vessels, to create a "sea base" for the rescue effort. The tremors were felt throughout the region. [190], About 64,000 people living in the three adjacent agricultural communities of Durissy, Morne a Chandelle, and Les Palmes were relatively unharmed because most of the people were working in the fields when the quakes struck. Damage Caused in Haiti Huge Foreign Casualty in Haiti Earthquake. He went on to say that the number was rising instead of diminishing, and reported that the state had decided to first rebuild downtown Port-au-Prince and a new government center, but reconstruction had not yet begun. "[242], The Netherlands sponsored a project, called Radio555. Many areas of Port-au-Prince were settled either by tonton makout – Duvalier's death squads – given land for their service or by squatters. [218] The United Kingdom's Secretary of State for International Development Douglas Alexander called the result of the earthquake an "almost unprecedented level of devastation", and committed the UK to £20 million in aid, while France promised €10 million. [29] [129] Giving Children Hope worked to get much-needed medicines and supplies on the ground. Structures are often raised wherever they can fit; some buildings were built on slopes with insufficient foundations or steel supports. Those flights that were rejected were diverted to the Dominican Republic, and their cargoes were unloaded and taken to Haiti by land. The investigation reviewed "hundreds" of pages of internal documents and interviewed "more than a dozen" former and current staff members, investigating the organization's claim that 4.5 million Haitians had been helped "back on their feet." Engineers have stated that it is unlikely many buildings would have stood through any kind of disaster. [27], The magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake occurred inland, on 12 January 2010 at 16:53 (UTC−05:00), approximately 25 km (16 mi) WSW from Port-au-Prince at a depth of 13 km (8.1 mi)[7] on blind thrust faults associated with the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system[28] and lasted less than 30 seconds. [80] Construction standards are low in Haiti; the country has no building codes. 1 Haiti PDNA 2010. During Haiti's time as a French colony, earthquakes were recorded by French historian Moreau de Saint-Méry (1750–1819). Seven years later, 55,000 people still lived in the camps, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The U.N. also reported that 2.5 million Haitians needed humanitarian aid. Earthquake depth often has a large correlation to damage done, and the closer to the surface an earthquake occurs, the more likely it is to create widespread damage, according to the University of California, Santa Barbara.In turn, the depth of the Chile earthquake produced a different effect and released less energy into the Pacific though it had a similar magnitude to the recent quake in Japan. "[164] First responders voiced frustration with the number of relief trucks sitting unused at the airport. [151] Treatment of the injured was hampered by the lack of hospital and morgue facilities: the Argentine military field hospital, which had been serving MINUSTAH, was the only one available until 13 January. [76] The clothing industry, which accounts for two-thirds of Haiti's exports,[77] reported structural damage at manufacturing facilities. [120], Many countries responded to the appeals and launched fund-raising efforts, as well as sending search and rescue teams. “Haiti,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Illegally Given Protected Status, Krome detention center readied for possible influx of Haitians, Haitian orphans rushed to new homes abroad, "Haiti earthquake: Groups urge adoption freeze, believing kids' kin may be alive", "Church, immigrant groups plan to airlift Haitian orphans to S. Florida", "U.S. missionaries charged with kidnapping in Haiti - CNN", Canada hopes to 'fast-track' Haitian adoptions: Kenney, Haitians dig themselves out as quake damage slows outside aid, "Only one hospital open in Haiti's quake hit capital", "Haiti earthquake: ICRC sets up special website to facilitate family contacts", Patients overwhelm medical teams at Haiti clinics, "Fears of violence as Haitians grow desperate for water, food", More U.S. troops, relief supplies to arrive in Haiti today; rescue efforts continue as window narrows for survivors, "Strong aftershock shakes Haiti, week after earthquake", Aid plane turned away from Haiti airport, says medical charity, France and America bicker as Haiti aid fails to reach city, "Doctors Without Borders Plane with Lifesaving Medical Supplies Diverted Again from Landing in Haiti", "Canada determining how and where to direct relief to Haitians", "EU plays down talk of Haiti rift with US", "U.S. military says Haiti airport jam easing", La France critique la gestion de l'aéroport de Port-au-Prince, Beset by logistical challenges, Haiti relief presses on, Descoordenação atrapalha ajuda a vítimas do terremoto no Haiti, "U.S.: Haiti aid bottleneck is easing up – Haiti earthquake", "U.S.: Haiti aid bottleneck is easing up", U.S. Carrier Carl Vinson Joins Relief Efforts, "Vinson Helicopters Perform Medical Evacuations; "Sea Base" On the Way", "Top Navy Doc Predicts Long USNS Comfort Deployment", "Bunker Hill en route to help Haiti mission", "Bienvenue sur le site consacré au TCD Siroco – Page d'accueil", At Haiti roadblock, a lesson in power dynamics, "With the Military in Haiti: Breaking the Supply Logjam", "In Haiti, the Jacmel cathedral clock stopped at 5:37 pm", "Canadian Forces head to port town of Jacmel", "O'Brien: Haiti's cultural core suffers, too", "Symbol of Hope rescued from rubble in Haitian church", "Haiti quake victims' bodies 'piled up by roads, "HMCS Athabaskan, Halifax to be in Haiti early Tuesday", "Canada's big task in Haiti starts on small airstrip", "Haiti earthquake: reaching victims outside the capital", Haiti earthquake: ICRC expands relief effort, U.N.: Over 70 Rescued From Haitian Rubble, "Taiwanese search team rescues two survivors in Haiti", USNS Grasp, Divers Arrive in Port-au-Prince, Begin Port Assessments, Haiti pier opens, road laid into Port-au-Prince, "UN Urges Haiti Coordination as Supplies Flood Airport", "U.S. Fleet Forces Commander Provides Update on Navy Contributions to Haiti Relief Efforts", "Maritime Force Serves as Cornerstone of Relief Operations in Haiti", "Haiti quake victim rescue operation declared over", "10 Americans charged with kidnapping in Haiti", Freed from Haiti, missionary returns 'with mixed emotions', "Apps of Kindness: Crisis Camp Launches 3 New Web Apps for Haiti", "Home grown website to help Haitians rebuild", "How Can Technology Help Haiti? ) medical facilities around Port-au-Prince, causing One to collapse completely near Port Prince. 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